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With affordable costs and high success rates, MCAN Health is ready to support you in the most important decision of your life as a couple! The latest statistical data shows that there are more than 8 million babies that born with IVF method since 1978, the year of the world’s first IVF baby.
IVF IN TURKEY (In Vitro Fertilization)
IVF is being applied for 50 years now and both the technology and the success rate is getting better and better.
Now that IVF is widespread and considered as a stable procedure with accurate expectations and results, there are lots of providers to choose throughout the world. You have more options now and IVF in Turkey is increasing year by year.
What is IVF?
Classified as an Assisted Reproduction Technology (ART), IVF is the procedure that works with the contribution of both female and male. Basically, it is a process in which the eggs are removed from the ovaries of the female and sperm is taken from the male. Then, eggs and sperm are combined in the laboratory environment.
Vitro means “glass” so it is called in glass fertilization as the combination of the eggs and the sperm are done in a laboratory culture dish. Today, IVF abroad is a wide choice among the couple who wants to have a baby.
The following aftercare instructions are general information to guide you after your hair transplant. MCAN Health does not accept liability for the accuracy of these instructions. The instructions of your doctor should be applied entirely.
Who can have In Vitro fertilization?
Infertility may be caused by numerous reasons if you are experiencing:
- Harmed, blocked or removed fallopian tubes
- Low sperm count or sperm motility
- Uterine fibroids, disorders in the ovulation period or endometriosis
- Premature ovarian failure
- Genetic disorders
- Infertility with unknown reasons
Fertilization is the very first step of pregnancy. It is a process that requires the combination of the egg with the sperm. Fertilization is expected to happen 18-20 hours after the sperm gets into the egg.
If fertilization is done as expected, two pronuclei must be found in the egg. These two pronuclei carry the genetical information of the couple, namely both male and female chromosomes. After a few hours, the two pronuclei are combined and become a single one that belongs to the baby.
The Causes of Infertility
Infertility indicates a problem in the fertilization process. Generally, infertility can be diagnosed if the couple is trying to have a baby but cannot get into fertilization phase in a year. However, for women over 35, the time period for an expected fertilization reduces to 6 months. After the period is watched accordingly, the couple can consider IVF as a solution for fertilization.
Although a woman is generally expected to be the cause fertilization, it is not at all. Both male and female parties of a couple may have particular situations that can prevent fertilization. According to statistical data, 30% of male and %30 of female may be the reason for infertility.
The remaining 40% is split into two again; the first 20% indicates the situations when both male and female are the reason. The last 20% are the situations that cannot be diagnosed and they are classified as “unexplained infertility”.
Because of these, the cause of infertility should be explained for both genders:
Causes of Infertility in Women
Ovulation disorders: Ovulation disorders are the most widespread causes of female infertility. Ovulation is the monthly routine of a female body. During the ovulation, firstly, the egg is matured, and then released and replaced into the fallopian tube where the egg is ready to be fertilized by the sperm.
The most widespread ovulation disorder is called Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS). It is a hormonal disorder which causes irregular menstruation and problematic fertilization.
Fallopian Tube Problems: This is another cause for female infertility. Either damaged or blocked, fallopian tubes may not work as they should due to an infection or endometriosis.
Abnormal Formation of Uterus: Abnormal uterus formation is also a potential factor that may prevent fertilization. It is related to the physical shape and formation of the uterus.
Causes of Infertility in Men
Sperm Production and Function Abnormality: This can be considered as the most widespread cause of male infertility. The abnormalities can be due to genetic factors, health problems (i.e. diabetes or infections), and varicocele (enlargement in testicle veins).
Failure in Sperm Delivery: Sperm delivery failure is another factor that is related to the quality of the sperm. Again genetic factors, premature ejaculation, or injury on the testicles can be the cause for failure in sperm delivery.
Environmental Factors: These are external factors that may reduce or cancel any kind of fertilization. Smoking, alcohol, and particular medications such as overuse of antibiotics may lead male infertility.
Stages of In-Vitro Fertilization (IVF in Turkey)
Stages of IVF in Turkey can be explained in 5 stages:
1. Arrival to İstanbul and First Consultation
After you arrive in İstanbul, you will be picked up from the airport to your hotel by your personal transfer. You can rest until the first consultation time or day. When the day finally comes, you will again be picked up from your hotel to the hospital with an MCAN Health Customer Experience Specialist who can speak your language. You will be in comfort and without worries with our experienced team working on the field.
In your first consultation with your doctor, the initial step is to diagnose the problem that prevents fertilization so that necessary medication can be determined. As a foundation that affects your treatment plan for IVF in Turkey, this step is very crucial. Determining the proper medication for each couple is the most important factor that is related to the rate of success in IVF treatment.
Other factors to be evaluated are: previous treatments, former experiences related to pregnancy, previous medical tests and analysis. After gathering all the information, the doctor will schedule your treatment. Those who are eligible for the treatment can start on the 2nd or 3rd day of menstruation.
2. Ovarian Stimulation
The second phase aims the stimulation of the eggs. After the medication has been determined, the mother takes various medicines to retrieve multiple eggs. After ovarian stimulation medicines become active, it is expected to have more than one egg to increase the rate of success for fertilization.
Multiple eggs mean multiple embryones. Multiple embryones provides us with the possibility to examine, determine and select the best embryo to be used in your IVF in Turkey.
3. Egg Retrieval (Egg Collection)
After the Ovarian Stimulation, the eggs will be ready for collection in 34-36 hours. The process is made under local anaesthesia mostly (general anaesthesia is also available) and takes only 15-20 minutes.
During the egg retrieval stage, the fertility specialist will use a very technological ultrasound device to see how many eggs are suitable for retrieval. The average number of eggs that are expected to be collected is between 8 and 15.
The eggs are taken by using a needle and ultrasound also helps the fertility expert to guide the needle throughout the ovaries. This stage is also very crucial and an experienced fertility specialist can make big difference as it requires personal skills to collect the maximum number of eggs.
As the mother will be sedated, no discomfort will be experienced at all. After the operation is over, you may need a 30-minute rest to get rid of the effects of anesthesia. After the rest, you can easily return to your daily life.
In the meantime, the sperm from the father is taken. If the father does not have sperm cells, then Micro TESE method can be used. It is a microsurgical operation that extracts sperm from the testicles.
Once the eggs and the sperm are collected, the fertilization stage starts. The eggs should be fertilized as fast as possible to have the embryos. This stage does not require mother or father to be there. It is done in the laboratory environment.
5. Embryo Transfer
As the last part of your IVF in Turkey, the best embryo will be selected by your doctor and transferred into the uterus.
Embryo is easier than the Egg Retrieval stage. Being just like a pap smear, it takes 5-10 minutes with no discomfort or anesthesia. The embryo is placed in a catheter, a small tube used for transfer. This phase should be done by an expert as disturbing the embryo may reduce the rate of success.
After the transfer is over, you can return to your daily life with no limitations.